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Five Best Historical Sites You Can Visit in the World

The earth is full of hidden and secret places. But most of the people choose to travel to well-known and popular places.

If you want to explore the earth you need to visit ancient historical sites. It will not only help you to learn about history but will help you to explore the beautiful ruins.

There are many incredible sites on earth where ancient civilizations once flourished. You can visit these places to understand the story and enjoy ancient architecture.

Five Best Historic Sites:

Here are the five best historical sites; you need to visit at least once in your life. If you love to go on adventures, you will love these places.

Petra:

It is an old historical site in Jordan. It means “rock”. However, it is not only a historical site but an archaeological site as well. The architecture in this place is made from a huge rock. This place dates back to 6th century B.C. It is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Jordan. It is a world heritage site. You can see Mount Hor surrounding this site. There is a valley near it which connects to the Dead Sea. You can visit this place in Jordan.

Tikal:

It is a place where the Mayans lived. It is the largest ruin of their civilization. Moreover, it dates back to 200 A.D. This place is located in Guatemala. If you love Indiana Jones, you will enjoy this place. This place is between a jungle. It is not only beautiful but serene as well. You will love the sunrise from the top of the temple. You can also visit this place to learn about Mayan people.

Machu Picchu:

This place is located in Peru. It is a ruined city. You will be able to see the ruins of the city on top of a mountain. You can either travel on top by train or trekking. However, you need to trek for four days to reach on top. It represents the Inca civilization. This place is also known as “lost city of Incas”. It is a world heritage site. It is best to use a train to reach there if you are not good at trekking. The Picchu Gorge, located halfway between the Andes and the Amazon rainforest, colonized a hilly, non-wild population from the area of ​​Wilcabamba and the Holy Valley, in the Cusco area, and wanting to expand to its agricultural borders. Archaeological evidence indicates that agriculture has been practiced in the region since the earliest 760 BC. From the period of the average horizon (from 900 BC) there was a demographic explosion by groups that are not historically documented, but probably in connection with the Tampus affiliation of Urubamba.

It is believed that these peoples may have been part of the Aiarmaka federation, a rival to the early Incas of the Cusco region. During this period, the “artificial” agricultural area (terraces) is significantly expanded. However, the specific place of the city of Machu Picchu (the rocky ridge that connects the mountains of Machu Picchu and Huaina Picchu) has no trace that it was built before the fifteenth century.

Pyramids of Giza:

If you are planning to visit historical sites, you cannot miss the pyramids of Giza. These pyramids are 3000 years old but still intact. There are many conspiracy theories about these pyramids. Some people believe it is built by aliens. There are three pyramids which site in perfect alignment to the stars. There are many secret dungeons in the pyramids. You will see many paintings on the walls of the pyramids. You can visit Egypt to visit these pyramids.

The Pyramid of Cheops was built by order of Pharaoh Kufu (as the Egyptians called him or Cheops, as the Greeks called him), the ruler of the fourth dynasty, around 2560 BC. n. e. as his tomb. The tradition of building pyramids began in ancient Egypt as a more elegant variant of the mastaba, ie the platform that covers the royal tomb. This connection can best be seen in the example of the Step Pyramid of King Zoser in Saqqara, built by the famous Egyptian architect Imhotep.

Stonehenge:

You can also visit this place. It is located in Salisbury. It has become very popular as it is the oldest Monolith on Earth. These vertical rock structures are 3000 years old. You cannot touch the stones as there is a barrier around it. You can also see it from around the fence. 

These are the historical sites you can visit around the world. It will help you to get the first-hand experience of history. Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age building,  located in the vicinity of Amensbury in the English county of Wiltshire, approximately 13 km northwest of Salisbury. Stonehenge has been part of the UNESCO list of Protected Heritage since 1986. As one of the most famous landmarks in the United Kingdom, Stonehenge is considered a British cultural icon. This site is owned by the Crown and is managed by the English Heritage Charity; the surrounding land is owned by the National Fund. A prehistoric monument on the Salisbury Plain, north of Salisbury, in southwestern England, dates from the Late Stone Age to the Early Bronze Age (3000-1000 BC). It is one of the megalithic monuments because it was built of huge stone blocks. It is not known what purpose Stonehenge served or what was the motive for its construction, but most connoisseurs believe that it played a role in the pagan rituals of the time. It is possible that it served as a cemetery from the very beginning.  Deposits containing human bones date back to 3000 BC, when the ditch and embankment were first made, and cover a period of the next five hundred years.  It does not have a single structure, but a series of structures that were modified and rebuilt over a period of 1500 years. Little is known about its builders. In the 17th century, English antiquities collector John Aubrey theorized that it was a druid temple. Another assumption is that the Romans themselves built the monument. Both assumptions were challenged in the 20th century when it was proven that Stonehenge was built 2,000 years before the arrival of the Druids and Romans in the area. Today, it is believed that the Neolithic peoples of the British Isles began building Stonehenge 5,000 years ago. Excavations at Stonehenge in the 1950s showed that the monument was built in three main phases. The earliest was completed around 2900 BC. n. e. It consists of a circular ditch about 110 m in diameter and 1.5 m deep. Archaeologists believe that deer antlers were used as hoes. In the second phase, which lasted from 2900 to 2500 BC. n. e. several wooden logs were erected and placed in the center of the pit. In the north, from where the temple was entered, beams were also erected. Stonehenge was greatly altered during the third phase of construction, which lasted from about 2550 to 1600 BC. n. e. Approximately 80 pillars (so-called blue stones, due to their color) of volcanic rocks were erected in two concentric circles in the center of the place. The pillars came from the Preseli Mountains in south-west Wales, 220 km from Stonehenge. The transport of these pillars, each weighing four tons, was an incredible undertaking that took place by sea, river and land. During that construction, the pillars were soon moved and new, sandy ones were brought from the Molboro Valley, 40 km north of Stonehenge. 30 monoliths were erected in a circle of 33 m in diameter. To these were added “lintels” which formed a ring on the pillars. There are more than 1,000 stone circles on the British Isles, but Stonehenge is unique among them. Why Stonehenge was built remains unknown. Many scholars agree that it must have been a sacred or special place of religious rituals and ceremonies. Many believe that Stonehenge was built by sun worshipers. The opening in the circle faces the summer sunrise.

In Ireland, there is a similar monument, Newgrange, built at about the same time facing the winter sunrise. In the early 1960s, American astronomer Gerald S. Hawkins presented a theory, according to which Stonehenge is an observatory and a calendar of surprising complexity, and that theory is still very popular today. He believed that the ancients predicted astronomical phenomena with the help of Stonehenge, including short days and long days, and even eclipses of the Sun and the Moon.

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